What is colon?

What is colon?

Colon, which is also known as large intestine, spans about 5 feet long with width of 3 inches, is part of the digestive system running from the small intestine. The colon consists the cecum, the ascending colon, the transverse colon, the descending colon, the sigmoid colon, the rectum, and the anal canal. 

The colon absorbs water from in-digested residues of food, thus creating stool or feces before it moves to the rectum. Anything that cannot be used or absorbed by the body such as dietary fiber and toxins will be moved out by the colon by the process of peristalsis, or bowel movement. 

Water extracted by the colon will return back to the body for hydration purpose and for carry out other processes.  The colon also serves as home for several microbes. The microbes fight off those ‘bad’ bacteria, thus enhancing immune system. 

Besides that, the microbes also play important role in maintaining the metabolic processes, which are responsible for synthesizing a good number of useful products that the body needs for survival. Enough water and dietary fiber intake are necessary to maintain a healthy colon and prevents constipation. Supplementation of prebiotics and probiotics will strengthen the digestive system as well.

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